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家長錦囊

如何教小朋友正確發音?

資料來源:言語治療師Miss Carley

小朋友學習語言,發音也是重要一環。英文的很多發音是廣東話裡沒有的,不論對小朋友或大人,都是較難掌握。家長可以如何教導小朋友正確發音呢?有甚麼小法寶可以使用?

英語裡的咬舌音對於小朋友甚至大人來說,也是比較難掌握的。我們可以嘗試運用不同的提示技巧,教導小朋友正確的發音。用這發音作例子,其實家長可以嘗試用一些視覺的提示,譬如可以和小朋友一起望著鏡子,讓他看見自己的舌頭,放置於兩排牙齒的中間。

另外,家長也可以用口頭提示,我們要明確向小朋友說:「你的舌頭要放在兩排牙齒中間。」讓他知道要怎樣做。有必要的時候,家長可以加上所謂觸覺的提示。譬如用雪條棒或用匙羹這樣碰著舌頭,要放在兩排牙齒中間,讓他知道不同的發音部位,舌頭要如何放置。

家長也可以嘗試和小朋友玩些簡單遊戲,來訓練他們的聽辨能力,就是小朋友在聽覺方面能否辨認得到對或不對,譬如家長故意讀錯字:「fank you對不對?不對」「thank you對不對?對了」這次我們牙齒要咬著舌頭,又或在紙寫上free和three這兩個字,然後家長讀出其中一個three 「你指給我看是哪一個」;Free「你又指給我看是哪一個」。如果他懂得分辨,在表達上來就更加清楚和容易。

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家長園地 家長園地 家長園地 家長錦囊

在家也可增強兒童四肢肌肉?

資料來源:註冊物理治療師許詠怡

小朋友學業繁重,留在家的時間增加了,失去不少做運動的機會。但小朋友的四肢肌肉發展非常重要,其實在家也可以做一些伸展腰部和上肢的拉筋運動。

第一組是弓步轉體 (Lung and twist),這個動作有助鍛鍊核心肌肉和下肢肌肉。首先,雙腳打開至臀部闊度,雙手放於身體兩旁,踏出右腳使兩邊膝頭維持90度,打開雙手,手心向前,慢慢地向右轉,維持兩秒。然後回到原地雙手垂下,回復原狀,左右腳各做十次。

第二組是對角伸展 (Quadruped limb raises),這套動作有助我們強化背部和四肢肌肉,如果可以的話有瑜伽墊就不會壓到膝蓋。首先,四肢撐地,兩隻手打開至肩膀闊度再撐著地下,兩個膝蓋打開至臀部闊度再撐著地下。我們將右手舉高並伸直,再將左腳舉高向後伸直,形成一個水平線的狀態。同時收緊背部和腹部,維持兩秒,左右兩邊互相交替做十下便可。

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Parenting Tips

How do you teach children correct pronunciation?

Source: Speech therapist, Miss Carley

When children learn a language, pronunciation is also an important aspect. There are many pronunciations in English that are not found in Cantonese and are difficult for both children and adults to master. How can parents teach children to pronounce English correctly? What are some tips to use?

The English tongue’s sounds can be difficult for children and even adults to master. We can try to use different cueing techniques to teach children to pronounce the sounds correctly. For example, parents can use visual cues, such as looking in the mirror with the child and showing him the tip of his tongue, placed between the two rows of teeth.

In addition, parents can also use verbal cues to clearly tell the child, “Put your tongue in the middle of your two rows of teeth,” so that they know what to do. When necessary, parents can also provide tactile cues, such as using a popsicle stick or spoon to touch the tongue and showing them where to place it for different sounds.

Parents can also try playing simple games with their children to train their listening skills, such as whether they can distinguish between right and wrong in terms of hearing. For example, intentionally mispronouncing a word: “Is ‘fank you’ correct? No, it’s not.” “Is ‘thank you’ correct? Yes, it is.”

This time we have to bite our teeth on the tongue or write the words “free” and “three” on a piece of paper, and then the parent reads out one of the words “three” “You show me which one” and reads “free”, “You show me which one”. If he knows how to distinguish, it will be clearer and easier for him to express himself.